Thursday, April 05, 2007

Hats--Half dome, watch, beanie

This style of hat, (what ever you want to call it) is a knitting basic.
It can be knit a thousand different ways.. There is no one style that is the Ur hat.
My first hat was ribbed, but it could have been, just as easily, stocking knit, or even garter.
This hat is characterized by a knitted tube, and shaped crown.
It can be knit flat and seamed, or it can be knit in the round.
It can be knit from brim to crown, or crown to brim.
It can be stocking knit, ribbed or patterned.

It can be a solid color, or variegated, or striped, or self striping.

It can be long and have a folded brim, or short.
It can be severely plain, or be a multi colored work of art.
It is suitable and becoming on men, women and children.
The style works well in bulky or chunky yarn, or in fingering yarn, or any other weight of yarn in between!
This list doesn’t begin to cover all the variations.
I haven’t knit every variation (yet) and don’t know if I ever will!
The details (or lack of them) are what distinguish one hat style from another.

A generic guide to making a this basic hat--Brim Up or Crown Down, with 5 variations.

Make a gauge swatch to plan how many stitches you will need to make a hat to fit your head. (finished size of hat is normally 1 to 2 inches smaller than actual head measurement. )

Brim Up style
Cast on enough stitches (given your specific yarn/needles/gauge) to make a piece of knitting that is between 18 and 21 inches wide. (1 to 2 inches smaller than actual head measurement)

Correct count to make it equal to a multiple of 8 (56 stitches, or 64, or 72, 80, 88, 96, 104...) if working flat, add 2 stitches of seaming.
--since snug is usually better than loose, correct count by casting on lower multiple of 8, not larger one.

Close into round (or knit flat) till work is between 6 and 12 inches long.
--Start by creating an edge, or work entirely in ribbing, or work in pattern of your choice--
Shape crown. (use style 1, 2 or 3 --or style of your choice)

Shape crown-Style 1
Divide work into 8 groups-use markers - if working flat, first and last group will have 1 extra stitch (for seaming)
Every Other Round, decrease at marker, (k2tog) alternate rounds are worked in existing pattern (or not!).
When 8 stitches remain,(10 if working flat) cut/break yarn, thread tail onto tapestry needle and gather last stitches into drawstring. (sew seam if flat knit)Weave in tails of yarn.

Shape crown -Style 2
Shape crown by K2tog across row.
Next row, Knit all stitches (purl if working flat) or work in pattern
Next row, K2tog across row
Knit all stitches. (purl if working flat)
K2tog across row
Repeat last 2 rows (if needed) until there are 8 or few stitches remaining.
Cut/break yarn, thread tail onto tapestry needle and gather last stitches into drawstring. (sew seam if flat knit) Weave in tails of yarn.

Shape Crown Style 3 (suitable for 2 X 2 ribbing)
R1,(right side row )Knit the knits, P2tog for all purls
R2: *K2, P1 across row--(if working flat, knit the knits, purl the purls)
R3: *K2tog, P1 across row.
R4: K1, P1 across row--(if working flat, knit the knits, purl the purls)
R5: *K2tog across row
R6: Knit every stitch--(if working flat, purl)
R7: K2tog across row
R8: Knit every stitch--(if working flat, purl)
(repeat R7 and R8 as needed, till there are 8 or few stitches remain
Cut/break yarn, thread tail onto tapestry needle and gather last stitches into drawstring. (sew seam if flat knit) Weave in tails of yarn.

Crown Down Style
Make a gauge swatch to plan how many stitches you will need eventually.
(finished size of hat is normally 1 to 2 inches smaller than actual head measurement. )
Style 1
Cast on 8 (10 if knitting a flat hat)
Join into round if desired
R1: knit or work in pattern
R2: Increase 8 times, evenly OR symmetrically across work.
Repeat R1 and 2 as many times as needed till you have correct stitch count for a tube apx. 18 to 21 inches in diameter
Knit (plain or in pattern) for 6 to 10 inches.
Finish with a non rolling edge of your choice (ribbing or other)
If you want a rolled edge, allow 1 inch for roll .
Weave in tails of yarn.

Style 2
Cast on 4 stitches.
Work in I-cord for a number of rows/rounds (3 to 30 rows.)
Increase from 4 stitches to 8 stitches, evenly, divide the 8 stitches evenly over DPN’s or a long circular needle (for magic loop style knitting)
R1: knit or work in pattern
R2: Increase 8 times--evenly OR symmetrically or in pattern
Repeat R1 and R2 as many times as needed till you have correct stitch count for a tube apx.18 to 21 inches in diameter.

Knit (plain or in pattern) for 6 to 10 inches.
Finish with a non rolling edge (ribbing or other). If you want a rolled edge, allow 1 inch for roll .Weave in tails of yarn

All of these hats can be optionally finished with pompom or tassle.

These 5 generic patterns can generate dozens of different style hats.
But they are, by no means, a complete list.

There are many other ways to shape crown, to edge or brim, and many stitch patterns that can be used--and each way will create a new and different style hat.
Changing the number or frequency of the decreases will change the shape of the crown. Small changes (from 8 to 7 or 9 increases/decrease) will still result in a similar shape to crown. Larger changes (4 to 12 increases or decreases) or the changing the frequency of the increases/decreasese (from every other row/round to every, or every 4th row/round) can dramatically change the shape of the crown, and will create new and different style hats!
The hats shown on this page, are only a few of the many variations of this basic style--more can be seen in Hat album (see left column)

4 comments:

Sue J. said...

Your hats are gorgeous. Thanks so much for posting the pattern. I downloaded to a pdf for future reference. Thanks for all the work.

Sonya said...

I have always been a brim-up kind of person, funny how we get stuck on these things. The fair isle is gorgeous. And is that double knitting I see? Nothing like a fully reversible hat.

Chelsea said...

Thanks for the basic hat pattern. I will definitely be putting this into use. I have been wanting to come up with a fun hat.

Hee! The word verification has "labgrl" in it and I work in a lab! Maybe I should get back to the working part of being in the lab instead of reading your blog!

Sarah said...

Thank you, Thank you, Thank you! As a novice knitter, I have been looking for a simple beanie pattern that could be worked flat. (I'm not ready to try dpn's just yet.) Your pattern was simple and effective, and it was so easy that I had my beanie made in less than a day! I'm aready planning my next one(hopefully with some ribbing & color changes). This has been my first article of knitted clothing (before this, I just made scarves), and I couldn't be happier with how it turned out.